The special status of Montenegrin nature is recorded in the country’s constitution, which proclaims Montenegro “environmentally friendly state,” and this is not accidental. This small Balkan state managed to keep intact the huge territory, including the flora and fauna of the different ecosystems and climatic zones. The main natural wealth of the country is concentrated in the national parks, fantastical river canyons and numerous mountain lakes.
Durmitor National Park and mountain massif is a unique nature reserve included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Durmitor has an area of 390 square kilometers with more than 20 mountain peaks higher than 2 200 m, 18 glacial lakes, about 750 springs, more than 1 500 varieties of plants and is home to over 300 species of animals. The most famous glacial lake in Montenegro – Black Lake – is located within the territory of Durmitor National Park, at an altitude of 1 442 m above sea level.
National Park Biogradska Gora is the forest untouched by modern civilization, where many trees reach the age of 400 years. These virgin forests are home to a huge number of endemic plants and animals. Six glacial lakes of this national park, including the largest one – Biogradsko Lake – are of special interest to tourists.
Lovčen National Park and mountain massif is a true national symbol and the basis of national identity, where the most famous and revered of the country’s rulers, philosopher and poet – Petar II Petrović Njegoš – was buried. From the observation deck on the top of the mountain you can see at a glance all of Montenegro – from the highest peaks of Durmitor in the northeast to the azure waters of the Adriatic Sea in the southwest.
Tara River Canyon – the deepest in Europe and second only to the Grand Canyon in Arizona, is a grandiose creation of nature, about 80 km long. Its depth reaches 1 300 meters in some places. For its purity the Tara River was nicknamed “the tear of Europe”.
Morača River Canyon is the largest tributary of Lake Skadar, originating in the north of Montenegro at Mount Rzača. On the mountain stretch of its course through the rocks the river carved out steep and abrupt canyon to the depth of 1 000 meters and became the backbone of the country’s highways system.
The second largest body of water after Lake Skadar is Piva reservoir with purest fresh water. It has artificial origin due to the hydro-electric power station. The picturesque banks of the Piva river, which gave birth to the reservoir, are truly magnificent. Lake Krupac or “Nikšićko sea”, as the locals frequently call it, is one of the most beautiful natural places near the city of Nikšić, famous for production of popular local beer “Nikšićko”.
Falls “Niagara”, named by the locals in honor of the famous Niagara Falls in America, is, of course, much smaller than its famous namesake, but provides fantastic views and attracts many tourists. The waterfall is located in the outskirts of Podgorica on the Cijevna river a few kilometers before its confluence with the Morača River.
The highest mountain peaks: Zla Kolata (altitude 2 534 m), Maya Kolata (2 528 m), Maya Rosit (2 525 m) in the mountain massif Prokletije; Bobotov Kuk (2 522 m) in the mountain massif of Durmitor.
The longest rivers: Tara (141 km), Lim (123 km).
The largest lake: Lake Skadar (area of 369.7 sq. Km), Lake Šas (3.64 sq. km).
The deepest canyon: Tara River Canyon (maximum depth 1 200 m).
National parks: Durmitor (area 39 000 ha), Lovčen (6 400 ha), Biogradska gora (5 400 ha), the pool of Lake Skadar (40 000 ha), Prokletije (16 630 ha).